Women’s needs, and environmental problems are closely intertwined, one example of which is in relation to energy usage. Energy availability is an important aspect of human life and is a necessity to support sustainable national development. For women, energy availability can influence reproductive health, household processes and individual sense of security amongst other areas related to the level of women's welfare. Electrical energy for women helps enable household activities ranging from turning on a water pump to facilitate the availability of water inside the house and indeed electricity is the source of power for electronic cooking devices commonly used inside Indonesian homes, such as a rice cooker. 
There are not that many books on Indonesian women’s movements that are based on research. There are even less books on Indonesian women’s movements that are written by Indonesian authors. Potret Pergerakan Wanita di Indonesia (Portrait of Women’s Movements in Indonesia), published in 1984, is especially valuable because it provides historical narratives on Indonesian women’s organizations and movements from the “Pioneering Period” of 1880-1910 to the post-independence period of 1945-1965 from the perspective of an Indonesian women activist and academician author, Sukanti Soerjocondro. The book has become a classic reference on women’s movements in Indonesia. It highlights the fact that, for example, marital issues especially polygamy and divorce, education, and women and children trafficking, which women’s organizations are struggling with currently, were important issues in the 1920s.