In principal, the 30 percent quota system for women provides a special opportunity for women to enter the world of politics, refering to the concept of social and cultural disparity between women and men as political subjects, which is proven by the low rate of representation of interests in political life. The representation rate of women in formal political institutions both at the national and local levels is still too low, making it hard for women to influence policies and inspect the effectiveness of their implementation.
On March 9, 2005, the Women Research Institute launched three books, book entitled: Women's Representation in Public Policiees in the Regional Autonomy Era (Representasi Perempuan dalam Kebijakan Publik di Era Otonomi Daerah by Women Research Institute; Political Identity of Women in Aceh (Politik Identitas Perempuan Aceh) by Edriana Noerdin and Feminist Methods in Social Research (Metode-Metode Feminis dalam Penelitian Sosial) by Shulamit Reinharz.
The Millennium Development Goals had formulated eight goals; among others is related to maternal health. With regards to achieve this MDGs target, particularly on maternal health, it seems that Indonesia faced quite serious constraint to reduce the number of maternal mortality. Moreover, the number of maternal mortality in Indonesia is still debatable. As an illustration, in 2009 UNESCAP, UNDP, UNFPA, and WHO stated that there is an increase of number of maternal mortality in Indonesia from 307/100.000 to 420/100.000. Meanwhile, the national data published by Bappenas (National Planning Body) 2009 showed that the number of maternal mortality in Indonesia decreased from 307/100.000 in 2002-2003, to 228/100.000 in 2009. However, Bappenas indicates that Indonesia will difficult to achieve the MDG’s target to reduce maternal mortality to 102/100,000 in 2015 although the trend of the national number is decreasing. Bappenas projected that the number of maternal mortality in 2015 in Indonesia will be around 163/100,000, far lag behind from Malaysia and Thailand which number of maternal mortality each is 30 and 24.
The Women Research Institute (WRI) launched its second edition of the Affirmation Journal, a journal on the findings of WRI's newest research on women’s movement. The launching, which was held along with a seminar under a related theme, was held on 14 May 2013 in Jakarta. This journal analyzes forms of women’s power, from the ones in social movements to their social, cultural, and political implications at the individual level, family level, civil society group level, and the general public. Also part of the study were factors such as global and local economics and politics as well as the influence of ‘local extra’ and ‘local response’ on feminist leaderships on several women’s organizations in Jakarta, Lombok, Padang, North Sumatera and Lampung. This research aims to obtain an overview of the issues and challenges of women’s issues that are currently and will be faced by women’s organizations.