Women Research Institute

Promoting women leadership and inclusive,
gender-based, and sustainable natural resource governance

The development of the feminist movement is grounded on the idea that women are subjected to oppression. Women undergo similar experiences within the patriarchal system as victims of patriarchy. Thus all women are sisters and sisterhood is the first form of the feminist movement.

Oppression is experienced as we are all victims of patriarchy which capitalizes on women’s body and sexuality to exert the subjugation. Women live in the idea of the commonality of oppression, because patriarchy is ubiquitous. There is a similar feeling shared among women, relating to problems such as abortion, rape, domestic violence, and other psychological issues that may lead to low self-awareness. Therefore it is important to build women’s movement in that unity.

Gender budget is a tool to build gender equality, equity, and balance. Moreover, gender budget is a necessity that should be immediately carried out by the central and regional governments, along with the issuing of a number of gender-mainstreaming policies. The urgency of gender budget has encouraged various NGOs to advocate to the central and regional governments regarding the implementation of gender-mainstreaming policies to alleviate poverty in Indonesia, where women are also included.

 The involvement of women in Indonesia’s formal politics has been guaranteed since the issuing of the Election Law No. 12/2003, which states the importance of affirmative action for women’s political participation by determining 30% from all the candidates of political parties in the parliament at the national and local levels. The affirmative action is often defined as a strategic effort to promote equal opportunities for marginalized groups in society, such as women or minority groups, who are less represented in the decision-making process. The importance of women’s involvement in politics, particularly at the people’s representative board itself, is not without a basis. It is due to the relatively low representation of women in the 2004 elections, only reaching 11.3%. This number experienced an increase of 2% in comparison to the results of the 1999 election which was only 9% at the national level.

The gender budget advocacy has been done for nearly five years by NGOs in Indonesia. The gender budget advocacy has been implemented in 2011 by several NGOs which are the members of Gender Budget Analysis Forum which works at national level and local level with its forum members who work locally. At the national level, this forum conducts gender budget advocacy by urging the MPR (People’s Consultative Assembly) to allocate 15% budget for education, 15% for health, and 5% for women empowerment from the State Budget (MPR Decree No.6/2002). At the local level, this forum encourages local government to formulate gender budget like in Sumatera Barat where the forum, in collaboration with the local government and local parliament, analyzed the impacts of state budget implementation for men, women, and female teenagers.

Latest Publication

  • Women’s Leadership Training Module

    The Women’s Leadership Training Module is a guidebook based on a series of capacity building for women’s leadership held by Women Research Institute (WRI) in five selected areas, namely Padang, Deli Serdang, Mataram, Pekanbaru, and Jakarta. This is a follow-up from WRI’s 2012 research titled “Feminist Leaderships in Post-Authoritarian Indonesia in Influencing Social Movements and Its Correlation to the Improvement of Women’s Prosperity: A Case Study in 5 Regions.”  The research findings...

Information Sheet

Press Release

Recent Information