A significant number of members of society do not realize that health service, education and access to work are basic rights the state should provide for. The state as a public instrument has the authority and obligation to fulfill basic rights. The state is authorized to formulate budget for the public through government or private programs.
In reality, the government’s budget and programs have yet to fulfill those basic rights. The problem, in this case, is gender bias in public policy. Public policies, which fulfill basic rights, will affect the welfare improvement of poor people, including women as the most vulnerable group.
Women representation in the parliament becomes one thing that must be fulfilled. Therefore, it is mandatory to pursue affirmative action in the General Elections in an effort to improve the representation of women in the parliament. The affirmative action has been implemented in Indonesia since the 2004 General Elections based on the Election Law that regulates about the 30 percent quota of female legislative candidates. Although the quota attempts has been introduced, the 2004 General Elections have yet to show significant success number because women representation in the House of Representatives (DPR) could only reach 11.09 percent.
Many nations will not achieve the Millienium Development Goals (MDGs).1 This is because many parties were left out of the discussion, particularly civil society sectors directly involved with the issues at hand who have an understanding of the most significant needs to be addressed.2 This paper endeavours to capture experiences from the field conducted by community groups and organizations, and provide a list of recommendations for a working agenda to address certain public health issues, particularly Maternal Mortality Rates (per 100,000 live births). Maternal mortality is the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management, but not from accidental or incidental causes. A maternal death can also be included in the period between six weeks up to one year after the women has given birth. 3