The Indonesian Health Demography Survey (SDKI) 2007 shows that the MMR in Indonesia is recorded at 228 deaths per 100,000 live births, while in 2012 it increased to 359 deaths per 100,000 birth rates. This number is still far from the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), target, which is 102 deaths per 100,000 live births. In nearing the end of the 2015 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), Indonesia still holds a poor record in fulfilling the targets of the fifth point of MDGs, which is reducing Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR).
Approaching the end of the 2015 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), Indonesia still records a poor mark for the fifth target of the MDGs, which is reducing the Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR). The Government of Indonesia, however, is still working to lower the MMR through its National Health Insurance (JKN) program. With the ratification of Law No. 24/2011 on the National Social Security Agency (BPJS), all forms of social security are gradually converted to the National Health Insurance (JKN), including Maternity Insurance (Jampersal). Previously focusing on midwifery services, it is now integrated within the National Health Insurance system and is part of the maternal and child healthcare. People’s enthusiasm to use JKN healthcare under the BPJS Health scheme is mirrored in the number of participants that exceeded the target.
Based on a research conducted by Women Research Institute in Siak Regency and Pelalawan Regency in Riau Province, women’s participation in decision making process of forest concession was not yet taken into account eventhough they played a significant role in managing the land. The government has not yet paid particular attention towards women’s involvement as reflected in policies on forest concession which do not provide enough room for women’s participation.
As the end of WRI research process on Women Political Representation related to the Gender Equality and Equity Bill, WRI published a Policy Brief in this early 2014. This is a part of Women Political Representation publication series. This policy brief provides WRI's research result which can be used to encourage the ratification of Gender Equality and Equity Bill.
The pattern of relation between women and men in public policy still shows forms of inequality. One indicators of women’s welfare is maternal mortality rate (MMR) and the number of seats for women in parliament. MMR in Indonesia is still high, which stood at 228/100.000 live births; whereas the percentage of women's political representation in the parliament is still below the target of 30% quota. This policy brief is one of the results of WRI’s research on Members of the House of Representatives of Women and Gender Equality Policy. This policy brief shows the importance of the Gender Equality and Equity Bill.